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Director

Dr. Sorin CACE


Consiliul Stiintific

Prof. univ. dr. Catalin ZAMFIR, Membru Corespondent al Academiei Romane

Prof. univ. dr. Asher BEN-ARIEH, Director Institutul Haruv, Ierusalim, Israel

Prof. univ. dr. Gary B. MELTON, Universitatea Colorado, Denver, SUA

Prof. univ. dr. John LUTZKER, Universitatea Georgia State, Atlanta, SUA

Prof. univ. dr. Michael J. PALMIOTTO, Universitatea Wichita State, Kansas, SUA

Prof. univ. dr. Jill KORBIN, Universitatea Case Western Reserve, Cleveland, SUA

Prof. univ. Keith HALEY, Universitatea Tiffin, Ohio, SUA

Prof. univ. dr. Jimmy TAYLOR, Universitatea Ohio, Zanesville, Ohio, SUA

Prof. univ. dr. Andrea WIGFIELD, Universitatea din Leeds, Leeds, Marea Britanie

Prof. univ. dr. Elizabeth ECKERMANN, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia

Prof. univ. dr. Renwu TANG, Decan al Facultăţii de Management şi al Academiei Guvernului din Bejing Normal University, Beijing, China

Prof. univ. dr. Amitabh KUNDU, Universitatea Jawaharlal Nehru, New Delhi , India

Prof. univ. dr. Claude MARTIN, Director Cercetare CNRS, Universitatea din Rennes, Franta

Prof. univ. dr. Munyae M. MULINGE, Universitatea United States International (USIU), Nairobi, Kenya

Prof. univ. dr. Manuel Antonio GARRETON, Universitatea din Chile, Santiago de Chile, Chile

Dr. Renata FRANC, Institutul de Stiinte Sociale "Ivo Pilar", Zagreb, Croatia

Prof. univ. dr. Asun LLENA BERNE, Universitatea din Barcelona, Barcelona, Spania

Prof. univ. dr. Nawab Ali KHAN, Universitatea Saman bin Abduaziz, Al Kharj, Regatul Arabiei Saudite

Conf. univ. dr. Nicolae SALI, Universitatea Libera Internationala din Moldova, Chisinau, Moldova

Conf. univ. dr. Mihaela TOMIŢĂ, Universitatea de Vest, Timisoara

Prof. univ. dr. Valeriu IOAN-FRANC, Director Adjunct al Institutului National de Cercetari Economice

Prof. univ. dr. Corina CACE, Academia de Studii Economice

Conf. univ. dr. Mircea ALEXIU, Universitatea de Vest Timisoara

Prof. univ. dr. Stefan COJOCARU, Universitatea "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" Iasi


ISSN

Print: 1582-8344

Electronic: 2247-6571


Articole:
WORKFORCE COST EFFECTS ON PRODUCTIVITY, QUALITY AND SATISFACTION IN ORGANISATIONS
Andries J. du PLESSIS, Pieter S. NEL, Josefino SAN DIEGO
CONSUMPTION, CONSUMER CULTURE AND CONSUMER SOCIETY
Aytekin FIRAT, Kemal Y. KUTUCUOGLU, Isil ARIKAN SALTIK, Ozgur TUNCEL


OVERCOMING DRAWBACKS OF HIERARCHY: EXAMPLES FROM KIBBUTZ COMMUNITIES

Abstract
While hierarchical structures have many advantages for the effective running of organizations, they also pose major drawbacks both for organizations and for individuals lower in a hierarchy. Research in kibbutz industry and in its social organizations shows that kibbutzim are not much different from other organizations because within kibbutzim hierarchical structures are common, differentials in power and control are correlated with hierarchical position, differential rewards are correlated with position, and health symptoms and indicators for well being are correlated with hierarchical position. Yet kibbutzim managed to solve the paradox of having organizations that are hierarchically structured and show all the features of hierarchical organizations yet keep up with the principles of equality and democracy. I explain and describe seven different counterbalancing mechanisms employed by kibbutzim to alleviate the drawbacks of hierarchy and yet preserve its advantages. Recently, many kibbutzim went through major structural transformations, and most mechanisms to counterbalance the ill effects of hierarchy were among the "victims" of these structural changes. Results of research show both in the economic sphere and in the social sphere how giving up on the counterbalancing mechanisms brings about deterioration in positive outcomes. The last part of the paper discusses reasons for the deterioration in effectiveness and then discusses possible generalization from kibbutz research to other societies.
Cuvinte cheie
Kibbutz; hierarchy; ill-effects of hierarchy; managerial rotation; direct democracy

Autor
Uriel LEVIATAN
Department of Sociology, Western Galil College, and Department of Sociology, University of Haifa, Israel. E-mail: leviatan@soc.haifa.ac.il

Cum citez
Leviatan, U. (2013). OVERCOMING DRAWBACKS OF HIERARCHY: EXAMPLES FROM KIBBUTZ COMMUNITIES, Journal of Community Positive Practices, Nr. 1/2013, 147-164


Acknowledgement for editing contribution to Grace OGILBY, Carleton College, Northfield, MN, USA


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Numar Curent

JCPP Nr. 4 2016



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Resurse

Transilvanian Review of Administrative Sciences

Revista de Sociologie Romaneasca

Revista de Cercetare si Interventie sociala

Revista Inovatia Sociala

Revista Calitatea Vietii

Romanian Journal of Economic Forecasting






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Accesari articole: 723748



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