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PhD, Professor Catalin ZAMFIR, Romanian Academy Member

PhD, Professor Asher BEN-ARIEH, Director of Haruv Institute, Ierusalim, Israel

PhD, Professor Gary B. MELTON, University of Colorado, Denver, USA

PhD, Professor John LUTZKER, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA

PhD, Professor Michael J. PALMIOTTO, Wichita State University, Kansas, USA

PhD, Professor Jill KORBIN, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, USA

Professor Keith HALEY, Tiffin University, Ohio, USA

PhD, Professor Jimmy TAYLOR, Ohio University, Zanesville, Ohio, USA

PhD, Professor Andrea WIGFIELD, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

PhD, Professor Elizabeth ECKERMANN, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia

PhD, Professor Renwu TANG, Dean of School of Management, Dean of Academy of Government at Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China

PhD, Professor Amitabh KUNDU, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi , India

PhD, Professor Claude MARTIN, Scientific Director of CNRS, Rennes University, France

PhD, Professor Munyae M. MULINGE, United States International University (USIU), Nairobi, Kenya

PhD, Professor Manuel Antonio GARRETON, Chile University, Santiago de Chile, Chile

PhD, Professor Renata FRANC, Social Science Institute "Ivo Pilar", Zagreb, Croatia

PhD, Professor Asun LLENA BERNE, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

PhD, Professor Nawab Ali KHAN, Saman bin Abduaziz University, Al Kharj, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

PhD, Professor Nicolae SALI, "Universitatea Libera Internationala din Moldova", Chisinau, Moldova

PhD, Professor Mihaela TOMIŢĂ, "Universitatea de Vest", Timisoara

PhD, Professor Valeriu IOAN-FRANC, Director Adjunct al Institutului National de Cercetari Economice

PhD, Professor Corina CACE, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies

PhD, Professor Mircea ALEXIU, "Universitatea de Vest", Timisoara

PhD, Professor Stefan COJOCARU, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University, Iasi


ISSN

Print: 1582-8344

Electronic: 2247-6571


Articles:


DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN ON THE ROMANIAN AND EUROPEAN UNION LABOUR MARKET

Abstract
In the present article, there is examined the issue of discrimination against women on the labour market, taking into account three essential aspects: employment, wages and promotion to managing positions. For gathering the data, there was resorted to the statistical analysis and a sociological field research, among a representative population, constituted of 1,500 subjects, from the South-West Oltenia Region. Some of the collected data is commented in the present work. The official statistics shows that the share of women who occupy this area is of 52.4%, lower than the national average, of 56.2%. Over 28% of the questioned people considered that the gender discrimination represents the main impediment of employment, to which there are added other reasons too, such as: the lack of qualifications and studies, prejudices and household chores etc. The statistical data attests the fact that, within EU, women have been averagely remunerated with 16.4% less than the men, while in Romania, a man earned 9.1% more than a woman. The sociological field research showed that women are disadvantaged as regarding the choosing of profession, almost 40% of the inquired subjects stating that they are unable to work in certain fields, which are exclusively occupied by men. Moreover, it was noticed that women have a more reduced share in the economic and political management. For example, in the Romanian Parliament, the share of women is of 18%, that of the men of 82%. This situation is also met in other countries, as Italy, where 69% of the parliamentarians are men and 31% are women.
Keywords
the concept of discrimination, prejudice and discrimination, theories on discrimination, discrimination in work, discrimination in social life management

Authors
Adrian OTOVESCU
Assistant professor, PhD, Faculty of Letters, University from Craiova, Romania, e-mail: adiotovescu@gmail.com
Maria-Cristina OTOVESCU
Assistant professor, PhD, Faculty of Law, University from Craiova, Romania, e-mail: otocris@yahoo.com

How to cite
Otovescu, A., Otovescu, M.C. (2016). DISCRIMINATION AGAINST WOMEN ON THE ROMANIAN AND EUROPEAN UNION LABOUR MARKET, Journal of Community Positive Practices, Nr. 4/2016, 48-63


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