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PhD, Professor Catalin ZAMFIR, Romanian Academy Member

PhD, Professor Asher BEN-ARIEH, Director of Haruv Institute, Ierusalim, Israel

PhD, Professor Gary B. MELTON, University of Colorado, Denver, USA

PhD, Professor John LUTZKER, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA

PhD, Professor Michael J. PALMIOTTO, Wichita State University, Kansas, USA

PhD, Professor Jill KORBIN, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, USA

Professor Keith HALEY, Tiffin University, Ohio, USA

PhD, Professor Jimmy TAYLOR, Ohio University, Zanesville, Ohio, USA

PhD, Professor Andrea WIGFIELD, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

PhD, Professor Elizabeth ECKERMANN, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia

PhD, Professor Renwu TANG, Dean of School of Management, Dean of Academy of Government at Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China

PhD, Professor Amitabh KUNDU, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi , India

PhD, Professor Claude MARTIN, Scientific Director of CNRS, Rennes University, France

PhD, Professor Munyae M. MULINGE, United States International University (USIU), Nairobi, Kenya

PhD, Professor Manuel Antonio GARRETON, Chile University, Santiago de Chile, Chile

PhD, Professor Renata FRANC, Social Science Institute "Ivo Pilar", Zagreb, Croatia

PhD, Professor Asun LLENA BERNE, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

PhD, Professor Nawab Ali KHAN, Saman bin Abduaziz University, Al Kharj, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

PhD, Professor Nicolae SALI, "Universitatea Libera Internationala din Moldova", Chisinau, Moldova

PhD, Professor Mihaela TOMIŢĂ, "Universitatea de Vest", Timisoara

PhD, Professor Valeriu IOAN-FRANC, Director Adjunct al Institutului National de Cercetari Economice

PhD, Professor Corina CACE, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies

PhD, Professor Mircea ALEXIU, "Universitatea de Vest", Timisoara

PhD, Professor Stefan COJOCARU, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University, Iasi


ISSN

Print: 1582-8344

Electronic: 2247-6571


Articles:


PERCEPTIONS OF CHILD COSTS AS PROXIMATE DETERMINANT FOR ROMANIAN FERTILITY DECLINE

Abstract
This paper explores the issue of demographic decline in Romania by looking at the three proximate factors of the Oppenheim Mason theoretical model of fertility transition. For two of these factors, child survival probabilities and cost of prenatal and postnatal controls, we used macro level data (population indicators). With low infant mortality and wide availability of prenatal birth control methods, these factors would favour low fertility. The third and last proximate factor is the perception of child cost and benefits for the household. The analysis of this factor we used both macro level data and individual level data from a representative national survey. As in almost all other European countries, there is a difference in Romania as well between the ideal and actual number of children. A plurality of adult Romanians in the sample (45 per cent) have fewer children that they would like to have; more than one third (37.6 per cent) have as many children as they would like to have, while a minority (17.3 per cent) have more children than they would like to have. Qualitative data analysis on the perceived reasons for which Romanians do not have the number of children they desire was carried through an indirect, openended question. A clear majority (55 percent) pointed to material issues concerning the standard of living at household level as the main reason. Health issues and infertility was the second category in a distant second (10 percent). Almost all social and economic variables have no influence, at individual level, with the variance of the answers to the open ended question. As the perception of high child costs acts as a third factor that also favours low fertility, we conclude that the cultural shift towards a restrained natality culture became more entrenched.
Keywords
Romania, population decline, births, fertility, children, perceived child costs.

Author
Iulian STANESCU
Phd. in Sociology, Researcher at the Research Institute for Quality of Life, Bucharest, ROMANIA. E-mail: stanescu.iccv@gmail.com

How to cite
Stanescu, I. (2014). PERCEPTIONS OF CHILD COSTS AS PROXIMATE DETERMINANT FOR ROMANIAN FERTILITY DECLINE, Journal of Community Positive Practices, Nr. 4/2014, 50-64


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