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Director

Dr. Sorin CACE


Scientific committee:

PhD, Professor Catalin ZAMFIR, Romanian Academy Member

PhD, Professor Asher BEN-ARIEH, Director of Haruv Institute, Ierusalim, Israel

PhD, Professor Gary B. MELTON, University of Colorado, Denver, USA

PhD, Professor John LUTZKER, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA

PhD, Professor Michael J. PALMIOTTO, Wichita State University, Kansas, USA

PhD, Professor Jill KORBIN, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, USA

Professor Keith HALEY, Tiffin University, Ohio, USA

PhD, Professor Jimmy TAYLOR, Ohio University, Zanesville, Ohio, USA

PhD, Professor Andrea WIGFIELD, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

PhD, Professor Elizabeth ECKERMANN, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia

PhD, Professor Renwu TANG, Dean of School of Management, Dean of Academy of Government at Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China

PhD, Professor Amitabh KUNDU, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi , India

PhD, Professor Claude MARTIN, Scientific Director of CNRS, Rennes University, France

PhD, Professor Munyae M. MULINGE, United States International University (USIU), Nairobi, Kenya

PhD, Professor Manuel Antonio GARRETON, Chile University, Santiago de Chile, Chile

PhD, Professor Renata FRANC, Social Science Institute "Ivo Pilar", Zagreb, Croatia

PhD, Professor Asun LLENA BERNE, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

PhD, Professor Nawab Ali KHAN, Saman bin Abduaziz University, Al Kharj, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

PhD, Professor Nicolae SALI, "Universitatea Libera Internationala din Moldova", Chisinau, Moldova

PhD, Professor Mihaela TOMIŢĂ, "Universitatea de Vest", Timisoara

PhD, Professor Valeriu IOAN-FRANC, Director Adjunct al Institutului National de Cercetari Economice

PhD, Professor Corina CACE, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies

PhD, Professor Mircea ALEXIU, "Universitatea de Vest", Timisoara

PhD, Professor Stefan COJOCARU, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University, Iasi


ISSN

Print: 1582-8344

Electronic: 2247-6571


Articles:
DETERMINANTS OF CHILD LABOR IN MALAWI AND TANZANIA
Courage C. MUDZONGO, Christopher M. WHITSEL
MENTAL HEALTH PROBLEMS OF CHILDREN OF UNDOCUMENTED PARENTS IN THE UNITED STATES: A HIDDEN CRISIS
Jorge DELVA, Pilar HORNER, Ramiro MARTINEZ Laura SANDERS, William D. LOPEZ, John DOERING-WHITE


DETERMINANTS OF CHILD LABOR IN MALAWI AND TANZANIA

Abstract
Using the Malawi Integrated Household Survey of 2009 and the Tanzania National Panel Survey of 2010, this study seeks to understand the factors that increase a child`s likelihood of labor participation. A greater percentage of children in the Tanzania sample than those from the Malawi sample participate in child labor. Logistic regression analyses showed that, as hypothesized, the greatest influence on child labor observed at the individual level is the child`s school enrollment status. Enrollment reduces the likelihood of engaging in child labor in both countries. When tested in the combined model older children in Tanzania remain at higher risk of child labor participation, school enrolled children in both countries are less likely to be child laborers and the rural based children in Tanzania have higher odds of being child laborers. At the household level, a father with at least a primary education in Malawi is associated with a lesser likelihood of participation. At the community level, living in a rural area drastically increases the odds for child labor participation in Tanzania. In view of these results, country specific solutions to prevent child labor maybe necessary, given the different predictors of child labor participation in each country.
Keywords
Malawi; Tanzania; child labor.

Authors
Courage C. MUDZONGO
Ph.D. student, Department of Developmental Science, North Dakota State University, Fargo,ND, USA. E-mail: Courage.Mudzongo@ndsu.edu
Christopher M. WHITSEL
Assistant Professor, Department of Sociology, North Dakota State University, Fargo, ND,USA. E-mail: Christopher.Whitsel@ndsu.edu

How to cite
Mudzongo, C., Whitsel, C. (2013). DETERMINANTS OF CHILD LABOR IN MALAWI AND TANZANIA, Journal of Community Positive Practices, Nr. 3/2013, 3-24


Acknowledgement for editing contribution to Tyler GEBAUER, Ben STRAUSS, Carleton College, Northfield, MN, USA


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