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Director

Dr. Sorin CACE


Scientific committee:

PhD, Professor Catalin ZAMFIR, Romanian Academy Member

PhD, Professor Asher BEN-ARIEH, Director of Haruv Institute, Ierusalim, Israel

PhD, Professor Gary B. MELTON, University of Colorado, Denver, USA

PhD, Professor John LUTZKER, Georgia State University, Atlanta, USA

PhD, Professor Michael J. PALMIOTTO, Wichita State University, Kansas, USA

PhD, Professor Jill KORBIN, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, USA

Professor Keith HALEY, Tiffin University, Ohio, USA

PhD, Professor Jimmy TAYLOR, Ohio University, Zanesville, Ohio, USA

PhD, Professor Andrea WIGFIELD, University of Leeds, Leeds, United Kingdom

PhD, Professor Elizabeth ECKERMANN, Deakin University, Victoria, Australia

PhD, Professor Renwu TANG, Dean of School of Management, Dean of Academy of Government at Beijing Normal University, Beijing, China

PhD, Professor Amitabh KUNDU, Jawaharlal Nehru University, New Delhi , India

PhD, Professor Claude MARTIN, Scientific Director of CNRS, Rennes University, France

PhD, Professor Munyae M. MULINGE, United States International University (USIU), Nairobi, Kenya

PhD, Professor Manuel Antonio GARRETON, Chile University, Santiago de Chile, Chile

PhD, Professor Renata FRANC, Social Science Institute "Ivo Pilar", Zagreb, Croatia

PhD, Professor Asun LLENA BERNE, University of Barcelona, Barcelona, Spain

PhD, Professor Nawab Ali KHAN, Saman bin Abduaziz University, Al Kharj, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

PhD, Professor Nicolae SALI, "Universitatea Libera Internationala din Moldova", Chisinau, Moldova

PhD, Professor Mihaela TOMIŢĂ, "Universitatea de Vest", Timisoara

PhD, Professor Valeriu IOAN-FRANC, Director Adjunct al Institutului National de Cercetari Economice

PhD, Professor Corina CACE, The Bucharest University of Economic Studies

PhD, Professor Mircea ALEXIU, "Universitatea de Vest", Timisoara

PhD, Professor Stefan COJOCARU, "Alexandru Ioan Cuza" University, Iasi


ISSN

Print: 1582-8344

Electronic: 2247-6571


Articles:
FUNDAMENTS IN THE PARADIGM OF DESISTANCE
Andreea FAUR, Gabriel OANCEA
BOOK REVIEW. BETWEEN OPPORTUNITIES AND RISKS: THE OFFER OF SOCIAL ECONOMY IN BUCHAREST-ILFOV AND SOUTH-EAST REGIONS OF DEVELOPMENT
Simona STANESCU, Sorin CACE, Filip ALEXANDRESCU (coord.); Corina CACE, Victor NICOLAESCU


CITIZENSHIP A TOOL OF SOCIAL INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA

Abstract
During apartheid South Africa White minority had full citizenship and majority of the population had less or no entitlement to citizenship. When the democratic government resumed office, it attempted to create a new citizenry whereby everyone would have equal access to socio-economic and political citizen rights. The rise to power of the African National Congress brought hope to the historically exploited, excluded and oppressed populations. Furthermore, it gave a sense of entitlement among the historically marginalized mainly black population to the fruits of citizenship in the new democracy. The paper aims to evaluate whether universal citizenship have been achieved in the post-apartheid South Africa. The paper argues that although the South African constitution is based on common citizenship but there are many challenges in realization of this. Part of the reason for this was the adoption of a neoliberal macroeconomic policy which has hindered public institutions to effectively address the racial and social disparities of the past. In addition, social citizenship in the post-apartheid South Africa is used as a tool for exclusion and inclusion.
Keywords
citizenship, social, inequality, exclusion, inclusion, gender

Author
Sipho Jonathan NKAMBULE
Teaching Assistant at the Sociology Department at Rhodes University, South Africa. Email: msuthu77@yahoo.com

How to cite
Nkambule, S.J. (2012). CITIZENSHIP A TOOL OF SOCIAL INCLUSION AND EXCLUSION IN POST-APARTHEID SOUTH AFRICA, Journal of Community Positive Practices, Nr. 2/2012, 170-185


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